Reserve management, Mamirauá reserve, Brazil
Situated in the heart of the Amazonian rain forest in the small Brazilian town of Tefé, Projeto Mamirauá is creating a reserve of the Rios Solimões (River Amazon above Manaus) and Rio Japurá floodplain that will protect and enhance fish populations. The Mamirauá Ecological Station, with an area of 1,124,000 ha, is Brazil's largest wetland reserve, and the largest aquatic reserve in the world. The Amazon, with about 3,200 recorded species, holds the world's most diverse freshwater fish fauna. When we started work there were no published accounts of the floodplain fish fauna.
Peter Henderson has worked to obtain aquatic diversity and fish biomass data for the reserve management plan. We have now recorded about 314 fish species from the reserve and its bordering waters, most of which have been photographed. In addition, many other species of plants, birds and animals, as well as the area's human inhabitants, have been documented.